Tag Archives: Olympics

Hammersmith tunnel ‘solution to crumbling flyover’

A west London council has said building a tunnel is the long-term solution to replace a “crumbling” flyover.

The Hammersmith Flyover has been under repair works since December and is scheduled to reopen fully on 30 May.

Hammersmith and Fulham Council said: “We must continue to push for an alternative solution, and that is a tunnel.”

Transport for London (TfL) said the flyover “would be able to survive for several further decades”.

A council spokesman said: “TfL must realise that we cannot simply accept patch-jobs to prolong the life of this monstrous outdated and crumbling structure.”

TfL Surface Transport spokesman Garrett Emmerson said: “Our engineers, contractors and traffic control operators continue to work flat out to deliver a permanent fix to the Hammersmith Flyover well ahead of the 2012 Games.

“The structure would be able to survive for several further decades.

“However the Mayor has also asked us to consider long term options for the area and that work will consider a range of possible solutions to the area’s future needs.”

The strengthening works, which began in January, have seen about 200m (650ft) of the central reservation along the flyover removed, a new structural slab and concrete barriers installed, as well as tailored anchorages for the new cables installed within the structure.

TfL has been carrying out two weeks of overnight closures to flyover since 15 May to carry out the final parts of this work.

It said it would return to the structure in 2013 for more strengthening work which will be carried out, where possible, with no weight or lane restrictions and minimal closures to the flyover.

SOURCE: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-18095448

Race against clock to fix vital transport artery for Olympics

London faces a race against time to repair a crucial flyover which will carry traffic into the capital for this summer’s Olympics, according to one of Britain’s leading structural engineers.

As we posted last week, the Hammersmith Flyover, which carries 90,000 vehicles a day on the A4, the road between central London and the West, including Heathrow airport, has been closed for two weeks after serious defects were found in the 50-year-old structure. Major traffic congestion is already being caused, which is likely to increase when many schools go back this week.

The cables which squeeze together the separate pre-cast concrete segments of the bridge, known as pre-stressing cables, were found to have corroded because of water damage and to have lost much of their tension – a problem which, if not dealt with, would lead to the flyover collapsing.

Engineers say several other road bridges in the UK are threatened by the corrosion process known as chloride contamination, caused when salty water seeps into concrete when ice melts. Spaghetti junction (Gravelly Hill) near Birmingham was afflicted with chloride contamination and in 2010 underwent repairs costing £2.7m.

In Hammersmith, although the corrosion can be temporarily repaired for the Games, the job is going to be complex and lengthy, according to Dr Chris Burgoyne of the Department of Engineering at Cambridge University, who has been called in by Transport for London to advise on the problem.

Asked whether it would be a race against time to get the flyover reopened in time for the 2012 Games, which begin on 27 July, Dr Burgoyne said: “Yes. It will take a long time to sort it out. You’re definitely talking about months.”

It is now dawning on the organisers of the Games, and in particular the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, that the state of the bridge is presenting a serious threat to the complex transport plans drawn up to allow athletes and visitors to move around the capital during sport’s greatest spectacle.

On Friday Mr Johnson visited the flyover to inspect the work and was at pains to insist that all would be well. “One thing I can assure Londoners of is a plan is being finalised within the next few days and work is already beginning on strengthening the flyover so it is fully operational well ahead of the 2012 Games,” he said.

But Dr Burgoyne, who is reader in concrete structures at Cambridge, and who agreed with TfL’s consultants’ advice to close the flyover immediately when he learned of the damage on 23 December, explained just how difficult it is going to be to deal with the damaged cables inside the 622m-long structure, which opened in 1962. “These days, in building a pre-stressed concrete structure, you would leave the cables exposed all the way along their length. It means they’re slightly more liable to corrode, but it means you can inspect them easily and replace them,” he said. “But what they did in Hammersmith is they surrounded them with mortar boxes, which effectively stop you seeing what’s going on in the cable. It means you can’t easily replace the cables.

“It’s a big job. A lot of the work would have to be done inside the box sections and access is not easy. I couldn’t stand up… at mid-span it’s only about 4ft high, so working conditions are quite cramped in there. You can’t throw lots of men at one location – there physically isn’t room for them.” He added: “They’ve got to come up with a design, they’ve got to get it checked, and get it approved.”

Transport for London has been working around the clock on the site. The investigation will continue this week before it decides if the flyover is strong enough to reopen even to light traffic.

SOURCE: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/motoring/motoring-news/race-against-clock-to-fix-vital-transport-artery-for-olympics-6286998.html

Pipeline to power the Olympics

RUSSIA — The recently commissioned Dzhubga – Lazarevskoye – Sochi Pipeline will not only bring gas to the city of Sochi, Russia, but to the Olympics as well, as Sochi is transformed into a Winter Olympics Games host city and a mountain resort.

Up until recently, half of the Black Sea coast cities and town relied on either expensive LNG or the 30-year-old Maikop – Samurskaya – Sochi gas pipeline for their natural gas, with the latter often experiencing gas supply issues due to the complex geological conditions along the pipeline route.

In light of the upcoming 2014 Winter Olympics, to be hosted in Sochi, the Government of the Russian Federation decided to construct the Dzhubga – Lazarevskoye – Sochi gas pipeline to enhance the reliability of the regional gas supplies, and deliver gas to the sports venues commissioned for the 2014 competitions.

In addition, the pipeline was also planned to assist in the development of Sochi as a mountain resort. Ensuring a reliable gas supply would allow health resorts to remain open all year round, attracting tourists in the autumn and winter seasons and creating permanent jobs for local residents.

The 171.6 km, 21 inch diameter pipeline, which was commissioned by Gazprom in June 2011, has an annual throughput capacity of 3.8 Bcm/a, which aims to ensure gas supply to Sochi, as well as to the Tuapse district of Krasnodar Krai.

With 90 per cent of the pipeline – or 159.5 km – located offshore, the pipeline route runs along the bottom of the Black Sea, approximately 4.5 km away from the coastal line in water depths of approximately 80 m, to the Kudepsta gas distribution station near Sochi. The pipeline is made of high-strength steel, with a wall thickness of 15 mm in the offshore section and 11.3 mm in the onshore section.

Gazprom began construction of the pipeline in September 2009, and made environmental safety a priority due to the fact that the pipeline – according to the company – ‘crosses the most climatically attractive and, therefore, the most cherished areas of [Russia] – the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Krai’.

Several steps were taken to reduce interference with the coastal flora and fauna. The most vital biocycles of the local fauna species were taken into account when the pipeline’s construction schedule was devised, and directional drilling was used instead of trenching for the construction of landfalls near the cities of Dzhubga, Novomikhailovsky, Tuapse and Kudepsta.

The decision to include an offshore section in the pipeline route has considerably minimised impact on industrial and agricultural industries, and forest lands, as well as specially protected natural reservations.

Cathodic protection was adopted to protect the pipeline, and precautionary measures were also taken to protect the pipeline in case of natural incident such as direct lightning strike and electromagnetic impact. In addition, the pipeline has been designed to withstand magnitude nine earthquakes, based on seismic survey data collected early on in the project.

SOURCE: http://pipelinesinternational.com/news/pipeline_to_power_the_olympics/